A Review on The Effects of Voluntary Safety Training Courses for Young Drivers on Traffic Safety

Several institutions are offering voluntary Safety Training Courses as Post Licensing Measures. Usually it is argued, that these courses are efficiently bringing about more knowledge in vehicle dynamics, are contributing to modify traffic relevant attitudes and improve driving skills of the participants. Altogether this would lead to a reduced individual accident risk and thus has a positive influence on road traffic safety.

In the study, which is introduced here, especially courses for young and novice drivers (18-25 years) were under investigation. For that purpose, available informations and materials about these courses were compiled and relevant characteristics of these courses analyzed and described. In a second step a literature research on studies dealing with the topic of evaluating Safety Training Courses was carried out in order to derive requirements for useful and promising courses.

One significant conclusion is, that trainings as an isolated measure do not contribute to reduced overall accident rates. On the other hand there seems to be a positive influence of adequate trainings on the accident risk of the participants – provided that limiting effects such as self-selection and ceiling effects are taken into account.

Training courses which were rated as adequate include various elements that should be integrated in driver licensing education. Furthermore research indicates evidence that this type of measure should be conducted 1-2 years after the basic education.

Aus: W. Fastenmeier (1999). Abstract für DAN-Workshop on Description and Analysis of Post-licensing Measures for Novice Drivers, 27.-28.April 1999 in Wien, Kuratorium für Verkehrssicherheit.

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