Is Employees‘ Achievement Motivation and Performance
Affected by Commuting Stress?

To answer the question to what extent the trip to work may have negative consequences for a person’s well-being, health and working performance, a field study was carried out. During a two-week period 220 employees from 7 different organisations kept a travel diary, answered to questionnaires and took part in tests on physiological and psycho-mental parameters at the start of their working periods. A significant correlation was found between commuting stress, well-being and achievement motivation at the beginning of work. Subjects that felt very strained by their trip to work scored worse on a self-description list of their mental state (achievement motivation, social motivation, self-confidence, mood, relaxedness, alertness). The main stressor was found to be trip duration, whereas travel mode choice affected the kind of stressors experienced but not the overall amount of strain. Commuters – which were defined as having a trip to work of more than 45 minutes – as a whole experienced a higher strain than employees who had a shorter trip to work.

Aus: Gstalter, H. & Fastenmeier, W. (i. Ersch.). Is employees achievement motivation and performance affected by commuting stress? In J.A. Rothengatter & R.D. Huguenin (Eds.), Traffic and Transport Psychology: Proceedings of the ICTTP 2000, Bern, 4.-7. September 2000. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

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